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Working with Special Populations


Immigrant and Refugee Children

Caring for Child Survivors web page from the International Rescue Committee.  The site offers guidelines and tools for health and psycho-social staff working with child sexual abuse survivors in humanitarian settings.


National Center for Cultural Competence, Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development, offers information for organizations and programs to achieve Effective advocacy requires and understanding of the individuals cultural context.  


Washington Coalition Sexual Assault Prevention offers webinar and materials, Culturally Relevant Advocacy for Victims/Survivors of Color.  


National Immigrant Women's Advocacy Project hosts a webpage with link to immigration relief, access to public benefits and family law protections for immigrant women and children survivors. 


With the increase of unaccompanied child immigrants the United States is facing a Child immigrant crisis.  The National Association of Social Workers offers experts and resources regarding this topic.  



The National Association of Social Workers offers the following resources on immigrant children:

Unaccompanied Migrant Children: Overview & Recommendations 



Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer / Questioning Gender Identities

Access to Safety research from the Urban Institute,  looks at the Health outcomes, substance use and abuse and service provision for LGBTQ youth, and those that engage in survival sex.


LGBTQ Youth and Sexual Abuse   from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network offers terminology and essential information for all health care providers in the document titled


Talking About Gender & Sexuality is a document from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, offering guidance in respectful language use when working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and questioning individuals


Transgender Basics for Victim Service Providers and Pronouns and Trans People.  Offered by Forge, are resources  for professionals working with transgender individuals.


Strategies for supporting LGBTQI Survivors,  from the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs, Biannual publication of Connections, offers a variety of strategies to assist professionals in supporting LGBTQI survivors.



American Indian / Alaska Native

Jurisdictional Summary from the United States Department of Justice, Offices of the United States Attorneys, Criminal Resource Manual  provides summary format of jurisdictional responsibility when offender or victim are American Indian, where jurisdiction has not been conferred on the state, or by Public Law 280, 18 U.S.C § 1162, or where jurisdiction has been conferred by another statute. 


Adapting Evidence-Based Treatment for Use with American Indian and Native Alaskan Children and Youth Subia BigFoot, D. & Braden, J. (2007). Adapting evidence-based treatment for use with American Indian and Native Alaskan children and youth. Focal Point research, policy, & practice in children’s mental health. Vol 21 (1) Pg. 19-22.


A guide for parents on trauma and  Trauma in Indian Country A Guide for Professionals are offered by  Indian Country Child Trauma Center, College of Public Health, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.


A Victim-Centered Approach to Crimes Against American Indian & Alaska Native Children is a Resource Guide and Workbook for Drafting New or Amended Tribal Laws on Crimes Against Children, from the Tribal Law and Policy Institute.


General Guide to Criminal Jurisdiction in Indian Country and other tribal specific resources and strategies to address child abuse and neglect from Tribal Court Clearinghouse, a project of the Tribal Law and Policy Institute


Working with Children in Indian Country: Mandatory Reporting Obligations and Victims' Rights in Federal Court  from  U.S. Department of Justice, National Indian Country Training Coordinator, Leslie Hagen 


Child Protection in Indian Country a Handbook for Indian Health Service and Bureau of Indian Affairs for professionals working in Indian Country


Passports for Native Children: A Best Practice Approach for Tribal Advocates Working with Native Children who have Suffered Abuse written by Abby Abinanti, Yurok, Unified Family Court, San Francisco, provides guidance for professionals working with tribal children.


Tribal Law and Policy Institute compiled resources relating to child victimization and the development of Tribal-specific resources to address child abuse and neglect.

Child Advocacy Center in Indian Country. This report outlines multidisciplinary frameworks in Indian Country.

Coalitions serving victims of violence in Indian Country

The Pathway to Hope guidebook is a resource for Native people to strengthen tribal community responses to child victimization and support community healing.



Children with disabilities

Children with Disabilities: Challenges, Strategies, and Resources is one of the webinars offered on the National Children’s Advocacy Center site. 


Sexual abuse of children with disabilities: A national snapshot.   offers an overview of the increase risk of sexual abuse for children with disabilities from Nancy Smith and Sandra Harrell and the Vera Institute of Justice, Center on Victimization and Safety


Facts about Intellectual Disability and information about Health Literacy  is offered from the  the Center for Disease Control  


Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) from The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association provides information on  Augmentative and Alternative Communication


Assistive Technology Industry Association  provides information about assistive technology(AT) including products, equipment, and systems that enhance learning, working and daily living for persons with disabilities 


Accessibility Toolkit from Children’s Advocacy Centers of North Dakota is an online resource for multidisciplinary professionals to serve children with disabilities that have been abused.  The website has multiple resources for professionals, caregivers and disability specific information.  


Americans with Disabilities Act  U. S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, offer Information and technical assistance about the Americans 


Communicating with people with disabilities.



Children in institutional settings

The NCTSN Child Maltreatment in Military Families fact sheet provides a look at child maltreatment in the military and offers providers the key concepts, findings, and interventions that will support them in their approach to the care of today's military family.


The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Resource Center  provides training and technical assistance t both adult and juvenile corrections and law enforcement agencies working to prevent, identify and respond to sexual abuse within prisons, jails and juvenile detention centers. 


Nature and Risk of Victimization , a  Survey of Youth in Residential Placement and their victimization while in placement from the U. S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs offers


Partnering with Community Sexual Assault Response Teams: A guide for community confinement and juvenile detention facilities   is a guide produced by the Vera Institute of Justice, Vera Center on Sentencing and Corrections designed to assist administrators of local community confinement and juvenile detention facilities to collaborate with the community sexual assault response team (SART)

What Children's Brains Tell Us About Trauma: Invest Early    is an article  adapted from comments by the author, Wendy Smith, an associate dean at the University of Southern California’s School of Social Work, at a Congressional roundtable  of the National Foster Youth Institute and the Congressional Caucus on Foster Youth in February of 2016.


Children who are victims of sexual exploitation

Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center—offers, Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking of Minors


A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Domestic Sex Trafficking of Girls  from the Center on Poverty and Inequality at Georgetown Law is a report identifying a comprehensive collaborative approach to the domestic sex trafficking of girls and how three jurisdictions created a multidisciplinary community response from different system perspectives


Special Issues Facing Juvenile Victims of Human Trafficking is a fact sheet  from the U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime


Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Minors and Human Trafficking Resources for CAC’s and MDT’s are available from  the National Children’s Advocacy Center, Child Abuse Library Online (CALiO)


Health, Education, Advocacy, Linkage (HEAL)  HEAL Trafficking  is a group of multidisciplinary professionals dedicated to ending human trafficking and supporting its survivors, from a public health perspective. The site offers education, advocacy and resources.


Rescue & Restore Campaign Tool Kits


Vera Institute of Justice has developed a Screening for Human Trafficking Guidelines for administering the trafficking victim identification tool (TCIT).  Screening questions can help agency staff to identify victims of human trafficking and help trafficking victims obtain the protection and services they need.   The manual is intended primarily for victim service agency staff, social service provider’s law enforcement and health care providers, in conjunction with appropriate training or mentoring. 


The Office on Trafficking in Persons, an Office of the Administration for Children & Families offers resources and printable brochures on Child victims of human trafficking


Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) in collaboration with other front line law enforcement agencies respond to and work toward the prevention of cybercrime.  The increase use of Internet in child sexual exploitation has facilitated collaboration between agencies to fight for the protection of children.  


American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children has created Practice Guidelines around The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: The Medical Provider's Role in Identification, Assessment and Treatment.     The guidelines provide medical professionals with an overview of the epidemiology, impact on the victim’s physical and mental health and the role of the medical provider.  


The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children offer a guide for parents and guardians on  Child Sex Trafficking in America



Children in Rural Areas

How the Western Kansas Child Advocacy Center is using Mobile CACs to Improve Care for Underserved Children and their Families


 Tips for Accessing or Arranging Language Services

Limited English Proficiency (LEP) is a Federal Interagency Website   is a  federal resource for providing language services and resources.


Advancing Effective Communication, Cultural Competence, and Patient-and Family-Centered Care 

This Roadmap for Hospitals will ensure that the hospital is approaching effective communication, cultural competence, and patient- The Joint Commission: Advancing Effective Communication, Cultural Competence, and Patient- and Family-Centered Care: A Roadmap for Hospitals. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission, 2010centered care.  

Improving Patient Safety Systems for Patients with Limited English Proficiency , a guide for hospitals  on how hospitals can better identify, report, monitor and prevent medical errors in patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) from  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality


A Patient-Centered Guide to Implementing Language Access Services in Healthcare Organizations  from the  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health.





Community action to stop the abuse before a child is harmed.
Community action to stop the abuse before a child is har
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